BIG BANG THEORY

 

Those who got through one, or both of, ‘The Elegant Universe’ by Brian Greene and ‘A Brief History of Time’ by Stephen Hawking, are encouraged to consider ‘A Little Moore Time’ as the third in a trilogy. To assist in unravelling the ‘knotted string’ and obfuscation contained in the term ‘space/time‘, ‘A Little Moore Time’ goes over the top to emphasise the importance of grammar in the structure of thinking. Chapter 4 provides a simple and precise concept to eradicate misconceptions. After that, a ‘Little Moore Time’ raises its fundamental question - are there any circumstances where time can go backwards?

The expansion of the universe is currently conceived to have come from a 'Big Bang' 13.798 billion years ago. Any enquiry therefore into the state of matter if the universe was contracting, is effectively to question whether the movement of time can be reversed. Modern theories of particle physics evolved with the concept of antiparticles. Inasmuch as there appears to be a correlation with the mathematics, in order to balance Einstein's equations at very small scales, the movement of antiparticles seems to imply a little bit of time the other way.

The whole notion of time reversal is deeply embedded in the human psyche and manifests itself in many religions as the concept of life after death. Being aware of the methods for preserving foodstuffs, Egyptian pharaohs ordered their bodies to be embalmed in preparation for this afterlife.The benefits of high tech products and services are now more widely available to people living co-operatively in towns and this has increased their longevity. But, although human society cannot resist any intervention to slow down the ravages of time, even buildings and cities decay. As a force in the universe, man’s technology has not shown any real power to alter the progress of one-way time.

Currently the Standard Model of Physics does not admit any movements in excess of the speed of light, but ways round this dogma are being sought and Michio Kaku (Theoretical Astro-physicist) has drawn attention to the fact that :-

“Since nothing is just empty space or vacuum, it can expand faster than light speed since no material object is breaking the light barrier”

By examining what actually occupies space - from atoms to galaxies, a paradox is highlighted. It is that the smaller the space, the more energy it can contain. The book concludes by maintaining its thesis that, by doggedly disregarding evidence of poor nomenclature, physicists are responsible for promoting and maintaining a disguise for the neutron. As a result, its importance in space creation in our universe is totally obscured - as are the implications for time.